* 16.01.1922 in Gadsden, USA
† 24.06.2012 in Bayreuth
Er nahm am Zweiten Weltkrieg als Pilot bei der amerikanischen Luftwaffe teil. Gesangstudium an der Alabama University bei William Steven, dann am New England Conservatory Boston bei Marie Sundelius, schließlich bei Wally Kirsamer in Frankfurt a.M., bei Luigi Ricci in Rom und bei Max Lorenz in München. Debüt 1951 an der New England Opera Boston als Lenski im Eugen Onegin. Er sang 1954 beim Festival von Spoleto den Rodolfo in La Bohème und war 1954-55 am Theater von Kiel engagiert. 1955-59 sang er am Staatstheater Braunschweig und war seit 1959 Mitglied des Nationaltheaters Mannheim, wo er 1961 an der Uraufführung von P. Hindemiths Oper Das lange Weihnachtsmahl teilnahm. Bereits 1956 begann seine Karriere bei den Bayreuther Festspielen: 1956 sang er dort den Steuermann, 1969-70 den Erik im Fliegenden Holländer, 1968-70 und 1974-75 den Walther von Stolzing in den Meistersingern, 1968 und 1973 den Parsifal, 1967-68 den Lohengrin, 1970-71, 1973-75 und 1978 den Siegfried. 1983 übernahm er in Bayreuth nochmals den Siegfried in der Götterdämmerung, 1984 den Walther in den Meistersingern. Durch einen Gastspielvertrag war er mit der Wiener Volksoper verbunden; 1958-73 regelmäßige Gastspiele an der Staatsoper von Hamburg. An der Wiener Staatsoper trat er 1963-77, u.a. als Stewa in Janáceks Jenufa und als Sergej in Lady Macbeth von Mzenskz von Schostakowitsch, auf, er gastierte an der Staatsoper von Stuttgart, in München und Frankfurt a.M. Bei den Festspielen von Bregenz sang er u.a. 1961 in Fra Diavolo von Auber und in der Operette Die Trauminsel von Robert Stolz. 1961 Gastspiel am Teatro San Carlos Lissabon, 1966 bei den Festspielen von Aix-en-Provence (als Bacchus in Aradne auf Naxos von R. Strauss), 1974 am Deutschen Opernhaus Berlin. 1964, 1970 und 1973 war er an der Chicago Opera zu hören, 1971 und 1972 an der Grand Opéra Paris als Siegmund in der Walküre. 1975 Debüt an der Covent Garden Oper London als Siegfried, den er auch 1975 an der Mailänder Scala vortrug. Im April 1976 sang er als Antrittsrolle an der Metropolitan Oper New York den Walther von Stolzing in den Meistersingern. Auch Gastspiele an den Opern von San Antonio, New Orleans, Houston (Texas) und Pittsburg, an der Königlichen Oper Stockholm, an den Opernhäusern von Zürich, Genf und Mexiko City, in Barcelona, Brüssel, Bordeaux, Nizza und Genua. Seine Karriere dauerte sehr lange; noch 1989 hörte man ihn in Mannheim als Captain Vere in Billy Budd von Benjamin Britten. Neben den Wagner-Heroen sang er ein heldisches Tenor-Repertoire von großem Umfang (über 75 Rollen) mit Höhepunkten wie dem Alvaro in La forza del destino, dem Herodes in Salome, dem Bacchus in Ariadne auf Naxos, dem Kardinal in Mathis der Maler von Hindemith, dem Max im Freischütz, dem Hermann in Pique Dame von Tschaikowsky und dem Prinzen in Rusalka von Dvorák; er wurde in all diesen Partien als großer Darsteller gerühmt. Als Aegist in der Strauss’schen Oper Elektra verabschiedete er sich 1996 in Mannheim von der Bühne, wo er 1977 zum ersten Mannheimer Kammersänger überhaupt und einige Jahre später zum Ehrenmitglied des Ensembles ernannt worden war. Er starb im Alter von 90 Jahren in Bayreuth.
-- From the website of the Bayreuth Festival
[Google translation follows]
* 16.01.1922 in Gadsden, USA
† 24.06.2012 in Bayreuth
He took part in World War II as a pilot in the U.S. Air Force. Vocal studies at the University in Alabama William Steven, then the New England Conservatory in Boston Marie Sundelius, when Wally finally Kirsamer in Frankfurt, with Luigi Ricci in Rome and Max Lorenz in Munich. Debut in 1951 at the New England Opera Boston as Lensky in Eugene Onegin. He sang at the 1954 Spoleto Festival Rodolfo in La Bohème and 1954-55 was engaged at the theater of Kiel. 1955-59, he sang at the Staatstheater Braunschweig since 1959 and was a member of the National Theatre of Mannheim, where he attended the 1961 premiere of P. Hindemith's opera The Long Christmas. As early as 1956 he began his career at the Bayreuth Festival in 1956 he sang the helmsman, 1969-70 to Erik in The Flying Dutchman, 1968-70 and 1974-75 the Walther von Stolzing in Die Meistersinger, Parsifal 1968 and 1973, 1967-68 Lohengrin, 1970-71, 1973-75 and 1978, the Siegfried. In 1983 he took over again in Bayreuth Siegfried in Götterdämmerung, 1984 the Walther in Die Meistersinger. Guest Performance by a contract he was connected with the Vienna Volksoper; 1958-73 regular appearances at the Staatsoper Hamburg. At the Vienna State Opera, he joined 1963-77, including as Stewa in Janácek's Jenufa and as Sergei in Lady Macbeth of Mzenskz by Shostakovich, on, he performed at the State Opera of Stuttgart, Munich and Frankfurt At the Festival of Bregenz he among others sang 1961 in Fra Diavolo by Auber and in the operetta The Dream Island by Robert Stolz. 1961 guest performance at the Teatro San Carlos, Lisbon, 1966. At the Festival of Aix-en-Provence (as Bacchus in Aradne auf Naxos by Richard Strauss), in 1974 at the Deutsche Opera Berlin 1964, 1970 and 1973, he was heard on the Chicago Opera, 1971 and 1972 at the Paris Grand Opera as Siegmund in Die Walküre. 1975 debut at Covent Garden in London, as Siegfried, he performed well in 1975 at La Scala. In April 1976 he sang her first role at the Metropolitan Opera New York, the Walther von Stolzing in Die Meistersinger. Also guest appearances at the opera houses of San Antonio, New Orleans, Houston (Texas) and Pittsburg, at the Royal Opera in Stockholm, at the opera houses of Zurich, Geneva and Mexico City, Barcelona, Brussels, Bordeaux, Nice and Genoa. His career took a long time, in 1989 he was heard in Mannheim as Captain Vere in Billy Budd by Benjamin Britten. In addition to the Wagner-heroes he sang a heroic tenor repertoire of large-scale (over 75 rolls) with highlights such as Alvaro in La forza del destino, Herod in Salome, the Bacchus in Ariadne auf Naxos, the Cardinal in Mathis der Maler by Hindemith, Max in Der Freischütz, the Hermann in The Queen of Spades by Tchaikovsky and the Prince in Rusalka by Dvorak;. he was famous in all of these areas as a great performer. As in the Strauss opera Elektra Aegist he left in 1996 in Mannheim of the stage, where he was in 1977 for the first Mannheim Kammersänger appointed at all and a few years later as an honorary member of the ensemble. He died at age 90 in Bayreuth.
Mezzo-Soprano Anna Reynolds
Born: June 5, 1930 [Other dates listed elsewhere are incorrect] - Canterbury, England
Died: February 24, 2014 - Peesten, Markt-Kasendorf, Bavaria, Germany
The English mezzo-soprano, Anna (born as Ann) Reynolds, studied piano as a girl. It was to train as a pianist that she went to London to attend the Royal Academy of Music. While she was there, her vocal talent became clear, and she changed her area of study to voice. She went to Rome to continue her voice studies with Debora Fambri and Re Koster. It was at this time that she adopted the name Anna.
Reynolds made her operatic debut in Parma in 1960 as Suzuki in Puccini's Madama Butterfly. Subsequently she sang in Vicenza (1961), Rome (1964), Spoleto (1966), Trieste (1967), and Venice (1969), and at La Scala in Milan (1967).
Reynolds' British debut was in Glyndebourne in 1962 as Geneviève in Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande [photo at right in production at La Scala in 1976]. She scored another major success in her home country in 1963, when she sang the part of the Angel in Edward Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius in London under the direction of Sir John Barbirolli in 1963. She made her first appearance at Covent Garden in London in 1967 as Adelaide in Strauss' Arabella. Another major Covent Garden success was her portrayal of Andromache in Tippett's King Priam.
Anna Reynolds’ Italian career continued to develop. In it she showed a great range of technique and style. Among her roles were Charlotte in Massenet's Werther, Elizabeth I in Donizetti's Maria Stuarda, Rossini's Tancredi, Adelaide in Strauss' Arabella, and Dido in Purcell's Dido and Aeneas. She made her Metropolitan debut in New York in November 1968 as Flosshilde in Das Rheingold, and returned there in 1975. She made her first appearance at Bayreuth in 1970 as Fricka in Die Walküre. She continued to sing annually at Bayreuth through 1976. Also in 1970 she made her first appearance in the Salzburg Festival, and there she sang in the famous Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen conducted by Herbert von Karajan. She also sang widely as a concert artist and recitalist.
Some of Reynolds' most important recordings document her effectiveness in the concert and recital repertory, including Bach cantatas, Schumann songs, participation in Leonard Bernstein's pioneering traversal of the complete Gustav Mahler symphonies, and, especially, Das Lied von de Erde and other G. Mahler songs. She participated in the premiere performances of the debut work by young British composer John Tavener, The Whale, and sang on its commercial LP release, the only classical release on The Beatles' own label, Apple Records.
The interview with Jean Cox was recorded on the telephone on March
13, 1988. It was transcribed and published in Wagner News in January, 1992. Portions
were also used (with recordings) on WNIB in 1990 and 1997. The transcription
was re-edited, photos and links were added, and it was posted on this website
on the first day of 2013.
The interview with Anna Reynolds was recorded on the telephone on
March 14, 1988. Portions were used on WNIB in 1990 and 1996.
The transcription was made and added to this page in March of 2014.
My thanks to British soprano Una Barry, a
student and close friend of Miss Reynolds, for her help in this part of the
To see a full list (with links) of interviews which have been transcribed and posted on this website, click here. To read my thoughts on editing these interviews for print, as well as a few other interesting observations, click here.
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Award - winning broadcaster Bruce Duffie was with WNIB, Classical 97 in Chicago from 1975 until its final moment as a classical station in February of 2001. His interviews have also appeared in various magazines and journals since 1980, and he now continues his broadcast series on WNUR-FM, as well as on Contemporary Classical Internet Radio.You are invited to visit his website for more information about his work, including selected transcripts of other interviews, plus a full list of his guests. He would also like to call your attention to the photos and information about his grandfather, who was a pioneer in the automotive field more than a century ago. You may also send him E-Mail with comments, questions and suggestions.