Composer / Pianist / Quiz Kid Lawson
A Conversation with Bruce Duffie
Lunde (November 22, 1935 - September 5, 2019) was born in Chicago, and made
his home in Des Plaines, Illinois (a Northwest suburb). He
began playing the piano by ear at the age of four, and later was known to
Americans as panelist “Lonny” through his eight years as a Quiz Kid. He
graduated from Maine High School, and then studied music at the Chicago
Musical College. His composition teachers were Vittorio Rieti and Robert
Delaney. He earned a degree in Psychology from Northwestern University
in 1957. In the Army, his training in psychology led to an assignment
supervising intelligence exams. Aside from his stint in the Army,
most of his career has involved music. While he played piano for a
living, composing was his main interest. Most of the music he wrote
was for the saxophone, even though he never played that instrument. Works
include Sonata I, and Sonata II for alto saxophone and piano,
Alpine Sonata for soprano saxophone and piano, and Suite for Saxophone
took place in February of 1987 in the studios of WNIB, Classical 97. The
station was one Lunde [pronounced LUHN-dee] had listened to quite often
during the years, and he was surprised to see what it actually looked like!
He also knew of the small menagerie of cats and dogs which inhabited
the station, and even greeted one who suddenly appeared where we were talking
. . . . .
Duffie: You’re currently working as a pianist. How much
do you get to spend composing?
Lawson Lunde: Not a whole lot. I’m not
sure why, but it doesn’t seem to amount to very much. At the moment
I don’t have anything pressing as far as composing is concerned.
When I get started on something, I do find the time somehow.
BD: Do you get commissions for things, or do
you just write because you have to write?
Lunde: Some of each, but at the moment there
are no commissions. There is one thing on the drawing board, but
only one, and I would imagine in a couple of months or so, I’ll devote
a lot of time to it.
BD: You’re a pianist, so do you write expressively
well, or especially well for your own instrument?
Lunde: I would say it’s the hardest instrument
to write for! [Laughs] I’ve written a lot of sonatas for
solo instruments and piano, and I invariably find it harder to construct
a good piano part than otherwise.
BD: So you’re more interested in the single
BD: A singing line?
Lunde: Primarily, although the trouble with
writing piano part is that I am a pianist with my own particular style
of playing. Especially since I am primarily a lounge hotel-lobby-type
of pianist, I’ve developed my own style through the years, and in some
ways it gets in the way of writing a coherent piano score.
BD: Could you reconcile what you do for a living
with what you want to do on paper?
Lunde: That’s not too easy. In some ways
they complement each other, but in some ways they run contrary. Some
of the technical figurations that I get in the habit of using frequently
in performance, are not the kind of things that would endure themselves
to the accompanists throughout the world. [Laughs]
BD: Are there any ideas that go through your
idea from your own music that you find incorporated into your cocktail
Lunde: Yes. Somewhere along the line,
I would like to write some music that you might say is aimed for myself,
although I probably would be too lazy to work it up to performance pitch
myself. That would leave somebody else holding the bag, but I do
some things technically, just as a matter of course in my work, that I
really have never seen any composer put down on paper, or utilize in a
piece. It would be very effective under many circumstances, and maybe
someday I will try to write something that utilizes these things.
BD: These are things that are almost impossible
Lunde: No, not impossible to notate, but maddingly
difficult to play. In performance, I’m heavily influenced by the
fact that I very familiar with the music of Scarlatti. I’ve played
through the complete set of sonatas many times, and some of the technical
devises he uses really fascinate me. In playing the piano, I’m finding,
and have found for years, that I am utilizing things that come straight out
of Scarlatti. For that matter I do play a lot of Scarlatti when
I’m working, but with a lot of hand-crossings and things like that.
BD: I’m surprised
that people would ask for Scarlatti.
Lunde: They seem to like it.
BD: Oh, I see... they don’t ask for it.
You just play it and they like it?
Lunde: Once in a while they ask for it, but
not as commonly as Chopin, or Joplin, or a few others.
BD: Are there some things that you get sick
Lunde: I don’t think there’s anything you can
play endlessly and still like it. I can think of a number of popular
tunes that I used to think were very good tunes, and I really wish nobody
would ever ask me to play them again. I never play them voluntarily,
and the same goes for classical music. I don’t think you can listen
to anything constantly without... maybe not hating it, but simply not wanting
to hear it again for several years.
Have you retired some things for a while, and then come back to them?
BD: What about your own music? Does it
stand up as well as Scarlatti, or some of the others?
Lunde: Some of the others, yes, but Scarlatti,
no. I haven’t been very active in composing in the last few years,
and I don’t have all that good a remembrance of some of the things I wrote
in the past. When I chance to put on a tape of my music, I know
generally what’s coming next, but sometimes a particular passage will
surprise me. I don’t remember having written it precisely that way.
BD: Is that a good sign or a bad sign?
Lunde: Neutral I would say. [Both laugh]
* * *
BD: You work in music all the time, and yet
your audiences are completely different. The audience for your
creative outlets is going to be different from your audience each evening.
Lunde: Completely different, yes.
BD: [With a gentle nudge] Does that make
you a little schizoid?
Lunde: Well, I suppose so. [Laughs] I
would say more so when I’m busily at work writing something. The
idea of playing one style of music for five or six hours, and then later
or the next morning working on, or trying to recapture the last train
of thought for a composition isn’t all that easy.
BD: When a composition of yours is played on
a concert, what do you expect of the audience that comes and is listening
Lunde: It depends on the circumstances.
First of all, I have not heard very many performances of my music.
It’s been played very little around Chicago. In fact, I would guess
that my music has been performed considerably more in France than in the
United States, and possibly more in Canada than the United States. Even
in the United States, generally when I hear of a performance, it’s New
York City, or North Carolina, the West coast, or something like that.
It’s seldom somewhere that I’m able to see the circumstances. I have
served as an accompanist at concerts, and I know the difference between
an audience that comes expecting to hear that kind of music, or are there
particularly to enjoy the music, contrasted with an audience that is there
to hear the prowess of the soloist. I’ve been in both situations,
and I would hope that audiences are going to enjoy my music. I try
not to be too obscure. I know my own feelings when I hear a new piece.
I very, very rarely go to a concert these days, but I never have seen
an excuse for sitting and listening to music that there’s no way I’m going
BD: [Gently protesting] But how do you
know before you heard the piece if you’re going to enjoy it or not?
Lunde: Well, you don’t! There are some
active composers who are so very reliable that I virtually know I’m going
to enjoy a work of theirs that I’ve never heard, whereas I don’t think the
converse is true. I don’t think there are any that are so unreliable,
or have been so disappointing in the past that I’m certain I’m not going
to enjoy something of theirs.
BD: You’ll give it a shot?
Lunde: Yes, I’ll give it a big shot. [Both
BD: I want to wade into the idea of greatness
in music. What do you feel contributes to making a piece of music
Lunde: I’ve thought about that, and I can’t come
up with an answer. I can reel off many pieces that I consider great,
and I realize that if I were to prepare a list like that, and show it someone
else, on the list there are going to be pieces that other person will completely
agree with, and others they would wonder how in the world I can like it.
BD: When you’re writing a piece, do you try
to instinctively write greatness into it?
Lunde: I haven’t really had occasion to
do that. I settle for trying to make it enjoyable, and that’s about
it. If it winds up with the quality of greatness, it’s not because
of anything I’ve consciously tried to put into it, and I would imagine that’s
true of virtually every composer. I can’t picture any of the great
pieces of music being great because the composers sat down and decided,
“I’m going to write a really great one no matter
what.” It just worked out that way.
BD: Where’s the balance between the artistic
achievement and the entertainment value?
Lunde: Sometimes it’s very high. I would
say usually it’s very high, but sometimes it’s not. We all know
pieces that were not too enjoyable the first time, or even the first three
or four times you hear them, but you come to love. Even then, the
quality of greatness comes through, even though the first hearing might
not be all that enjoyable. To me, as a listener, I’m frequently
struck by the fact that maybe I didn’t enjoy this too much, but boy,
there’s something there. This is one I have to come back to, and
I’m usually right.
BD: Are there some pieces that strike
you as being really good, and then, when you hear them a couple of times
you realize it was just a passing fancy?
Lunde: Yes, I’ve found some things that I’ve
felt were very much over-rated at first hearing.
BD: Do you find as you get older
that those ideas change a little bit?
BD: Are you getting more tolerant, or less tolerant?
Lunde: I would say a little bit less. I
don’t know why exactly, but I’m basically disappointed with the way music
has progressed in the last half of this century. As we’re coming
near the end of a half-century, I’m comparing things with the situation
as it was in 1950, and I think the musical scene was a whole lot better
then. I could be all wrong, and I might feel completely different
twenty years from now, but back in 1950 I was in my mid-teens, and the music
world was very exciting. People were anxiously awaiting, for example,
Shostakovich’s next symphony, and Prokofiev’s, and we wondered if Sibelius
would ever write his Eighth. Little did anyone know that
Beethoven’s Tenth would show up before Sibelius’s Eighth.
[Both laugh] Anyone who had heard William Schuman’s Third
was eagerly anticipating more, as well as more from Piston. Today,
I can’t honestly say that there’s a composer in this entire world whose
next symphony I’m eagerly awaiting, and there should be. Another
thing I’ve noticed is that this is the first era in musical history that
is divided into fifty-year segments, where it seems that even the best composers
do not improve. The best things you can sight in their output were
written early in the game. This is a switch from the past, even from
the first half of the century. You can’t picture something that Bartók
wrote in 1905 standing as the best thing he ever wrote, or for any of
the composers of the period. But nowadays, that seems to be the
case. Many of the living composers, good though they may be, still,
in all the works that stand out, the best seem to have been written quite
a while ago. In many cases, their lives have been heavily tied up
in teaching at the universities, and I personally feel that they fall into
a trap of writing music primarily to please other professors. This,
you might say, is coming full-circle back to the days of Ives studying
under Horatio Parker, which everyone still laughs at today, but I’m not
so sure we don’t have the same thing happening.
BD: Are you glad that you didn’t get into the
Lunde: Yes, and no. No, because it is the
way to go as far as getting many and important performances. But
yes, I’m glad I didn’t go into it in that I don’t think I’d be very happy
with the music I would have written under the circumstances. However,
that’s just conjecture.
BD: Woulda, coulda shoulda. [Both laugh]
I assume that if you won the Lottery next week, you would quit your
job at the Drake Hotel?
Lunde: Yes, I would quit my job at the Drake
if I won the Lotto.
BD: And then just write, or would you do other
things besides writing?
Lunde: I’d do other things besides writing,
but I would write a lot.
BD: What kinds of other things?
Lunde: A little bit of everything.
BD: Before you purchase that winning ticket, let’s
talk a bit about your compositions.
Lunde: I’ve been very limited in types of music
I’ve written. I’ve written a great deal of saxophone music.
Certainly that’s what’s been most performed.
BD: Why? [Vis-à-vis the recording
shown at right, see my interviews with Vincent Persichetti,
and Leon Stein]
Lunde: Because through the years I’ve known
saxophonists who wanted music. It’s not the only reason, but I’ve
always liked the instrument, although I don’t play a note on it.
I like the sound of it. Unlike so many of the woodwinds, you can
write any note in the range, and they will find a way to play it.
You don’t have to worry about trills that are impossible, or leaps of
a certain interval that just can’t be done, or can only be done with great
difficulty. For a saxophone, if the notes are on the horn, a good
saxophonist will find a way to play them. I’ve also written quite
a bit of choral music, but not in large forms. The longest piece
of music I’ve ever written runs only twenty-one minutes. Somewhere
along the line — if I could spare the
time — I would like to try my hand
at something a little more substantial form-wise.
BD: A forty-minute cantata?
Lunde: Something like that, yes.
BD: Is your choral music sacred or secular?
Lunde: There is a little bit of secular, but
it is mostly sacred. I don’t think that any secular choral music
I’ve written has ever been performed.
BD: It’s sitting in the drawer?
Lunde: It’s sitting in the drawer, yes.
BD: Has it been published?
Lunde: No, not the secular stuff. With
choral music, you don’t know who’s performing it or where. You can
kind of track things like saxophone music because saxophonists are usually
going to find a way to get hold of you and ask you a question about this
or that, or at least tell you he’s playing it somewhere. But not choral
music. You see that a certain number of copies were sold in a
six-month period, and you can assume that there’s thirty copies here
and thirty-five copies there, but you seldom have any idea what’s become
of your music, you might say.
BD: Is it necessary for the composer to actually
track his music?
Lunde: No, it’s not. I have been surprised...
I was surprised on WNIB once, a few years ago! I used to do some
programs from Oberlin, and Baldwin Wallace, and I had the radio on, when
all of a sudden they were announcing a saxophone work of mine played by
a saxophonist I had never heard of. He played it very well, by the
way, even better than some of the bigger names of saxophonists who have
played the same piece.
BD: Why isn’t he a big name saxophonist?
Lunde: It was a student at the time, and for
all I know he’s got his own brokerage firm, or something nowadays. But
he played it very well, and he also came up with a very good accompanist.
It’s one of the better performances of this particular piece that I’ve
BD: Is this the same one that’s been recorded?
BD: You’ve had two recordings of the one piece...
Lunde: It’s at least three, plus whatever broadcasts
there have been in Europe. I know there have been some over there.
* * *
BD: When you’re writing a piece of music, are you
always in control of that pencil, or are there times when that pencil is
controlling your hand?
Lunde: Sometimes the pencil is control.
BD: Is that a good feeling?
Lunde: Yes, I would say it is.
Of course, it’s maddening if you’re suddenly being propelled along so
fast that you try to go back and fill in the blanks, and you don’t remember
exactly where your thoughts or your pencil took you. But that doesn’t
happen too often. It’s always a pleasure when twenty or twenty-five
measures suddenly write themselves all at once, especially when you’ve
been slogging along a phrase at a time, putting in a bit of melody here,
and a bit of counterpoint there, or even one measure or half a measure
at a time. It’s a pleasure to suddenly break free.
BD: When you’re writing and writing, how do
you know when to put that double bar at the end? [Vis-à-vis
the recording shown at right, see my interviews with Bernhard Heiden, and Robert Muczynski]
Lunde: Oh, I don’t think that’s one of the tougher
things. That’s about the easiest thing, actually. Basically,
I’m more satisfied with my endings and my openings than what happens in
the interior of the piece. In my multi-movement pieces, I tend to
think the finale is the best movement. I don’t know if too many composers
can say that now. I personally think that Walter Piston invariably
saves his best for the last. He consistently has written super-good
finales. You can think of so many works in history that really could
have used a better last movement. It’s not worthy of what’s gone
before. I’m happy that this is true because, as Shakespeare says,
‘all’s well that ends well’,
and that’s sometimes true. A bang-up ending can do a lot for a piece.
At any rate, I don’t have trouble putting in the double bar. I do
feel I know when to do that.
BD: When you get all the notes down, do you
go back and fiddle with the piece for a while, or do you let go right
Lunde: I do fiddle... not a great deal, but
usually there are little things here and there. I don’t remove
whole sections, or substitute whole sections, or things like that.
But, as I said, I make little changes here and there.
BD: Have you been pleased with the performances
you have heard of your works over the years?
Lunde: I’ve never been very happy with what
I’ve heard from piano accompanists. I’m certain I write legibly
enough, and clearly enough so that they can follow what’s happening. It
tends to be a little too difficult for what the average saxophone player
or other instrumental player at the student level comes up with for an
BD: Have you ever thought of maybe writing something
that is interesting but technically easier?
Lunde: I’ve tried to scale down some piano parts,
technically, but I find it very difficult to do. Since I’ve been
playing the piano all my life, it shouldn’t be a problem to me.
There are things that I find difficult to play that some other pianists
don’t have trouble with, and other things that give me no trouble at all
which many pianists find a whole lot of trouble.
BD: What is the purpose of music in society?
Lunde: It’s a hard question to answer.
Ideally, music should be a very important part of society, a wonderful
adjunct, something that’s uplifting and entertaining at the same time.
It should also be important enough so that people want to work at
understanding it, because they realize that they’re going to get a lot
from it. As to what it actually is, at this point in time I don’t
know if anyone can give a good answer. In the past, an answer might
have been easier. The important thing of Twentieth century music is
not any person or any school of composition. It’s a phonography, along
with the radio, electronics, films, and various other things. Somewhere
along the line, somebody will be able to assess exactly what the effect
of the phonography has been. Obviously, it’s been both good and
bad. We hope it is more good than bad, but still it is a great change
from the previous century, or even the first twenty-five years of this
century. Music didn’t used to be in a situation where little alcoves
could pop up here and there, or where, if somebody wanted to be a specialist
in a certain area of music, they had to seek out certain performers.
All they had to do was to find a good record store, look at a catalogue,
and this little alcove of music would be open to them
— whether it be Lithuanian folksongs, or Javanese gamelan
music, or whatever. You can be a listening specialist in virtually
any area of music now, thanks to the phonograph. But at the same time,
the purveyors of records have immense power with what they can force on the
BD: [It was at this point that a cat, which
had been sleeping on a shelf, woke up and pounced down, interrupting the
discussion.] I assume when you’re playing in a lobby or a cocktail
lounge, you learn to put up with just about anything.
BD: [Half-joking, half inquiring] Anything
Lunde: [Stoically] Anything at all!
BD: Have people thrown stuff at you?
Lunde: That never happened, I don’t think... certainly
not tomatoes or anything. Not that it might not sometime in the future,
but things are quite predictable at the Drake. Most places I’ve played
at in the past, I come to work knowing that the only thing about the night
ahead is it won’t be like the night before, and almost anything might happen.
BD: Does it hold your interest, or is it really
Lunde: I like the unpredictability, because I don’t
want to be playing the same music every night. I like it when I never
know what musical turns an evening is going to take. Even in a place
like the Drake, it’s usually not the crowd that dictates that. I
still have the same feeling at the beginning of an evening. When I
sit down at the piano, or even launch into an introduction, I don’t know
what my first tune is going to be, much less what I’m going to be playing
in three hours hence. It’s liable to be anything. Maybe it
will depend on what the crowd wants. Maybe it’ll grab onto what flights
of fancy my own thoughts have taken me.
The Drake, a Hilton Hotel, 140 East Walton Place, Chicago, Illinois,
is a luxury, full-service hotel, located downtown on the lake side of Michigan
Avenue two blocks north of the John Hancock Center and a block south of
Oak Street Beach at the top of the Magnificent Mile. Overlooking Lake Michigan,
it was founded in 1920, designed in the Italian Renaissance style by the
firm of Marshall and Fox, and soon became one of Chicago's landmark hotels.
It has 535 bedrooms (including 74 suites), a six-room Presidential Suite,
several restaurants, two large ballrooms, the "Palm Court" (a club-like,
secluded lobby), and Club International (a members-only club introduced in
BD: Do you try to direct it, or do you just
let it go?
Lunde: I let it go.
BD: How long do you play?
Lunde: The standard is forty minutes
on, and twenty off, but that would wind up with the end of a job being twenty
minutes off. So, you stagger it to allow for that. Plus, if
I have a lot of requests I’ll stick around until I play them all.
On the other hand, if the place has emptied out, or almost emptied out
— except for possibly four men deep in a business
conversation — then I’ll take a break
a little earlier, in anticipation of playing a longer set later.
BD: Are there some nights that are
just no good — like Christmas night,
or special holidays?
Lunde: Definitely some nights are no good.
The night after Labor Day, and New Year’s Night are the two worst.
BD: But you still play?
BD: Worst, how? No enthusiasm?
Lunde: There won’t be any people.
BD: What do you do if you go into the lounge
and there is literally nobody there?
Lunde: I don’t believe it’s ever happened.
Oh, it did happen once! It wasn’t a place I was working regularly.
It was a place that I was sent to as a substitute. I got there, and
there wasn’t soul in the place except the bartender and the Maître
D’. No diners, nobody at the bar, no anything.
BD: Did you play anyway?
Lunde: In a situation like that, I probably
would play a few notes at the starting time that was established. I
was there at the appointed time but no, I didn’t.
BD: You don’t feel that by having the music
going it might draw people from the outer lobby, or from elsewhere who
were wandering around?
Lunde: If it’s a situation like that, I might.
Also, if I find that I have a very good instrument in front of me, maybe
I’ll just play for my own amusement.
BD: Would you ever write anything specifically
for that kind of crowd?
Lunde: No. I never thought of it, as a
matter of fact. I don’t think I’d know where to start.
BD: [Gently protesting] I would think
you would have so much experience in it.
Lunde: Well, tastes have changed so much, now.
Ten years ago, if you asked me something like that, I would ask if you meant
something like The Warsaw Concerto. But at this point, two
and half years have gone by without a single request for anything like that.
BD: If you wrote something, and someone said,
“Oh, I like that! What is it?”
you could say, “It’s
one of my own pieces.
Lunde: That has happened. I’ve
written some jazz numbers that sometimes, on a dull evening, I’ll pull out,
and sometimes I get comments on them.
BD: Do you pull them out of a briefcase, or
out of your head?
Lunde: No, I don’t bring music anymore at all.
I bring music if it’s a situation where there’s a mike and I do some
singing. But various managers and club owners over the last five
or six years have been telling me they don’t want to hear my voice anymore.
It’s been quite a while since I’ve had a mike at my disposal.
I’m not the world’s greatest singer...
* * *
BD: Tell me about being a Quiz Kid.
Lunde: That’s ancient history! Quiz Kids
was a panel show. It was a very good radio show, but not a very
good TV show. It was only on for the first couple of years of television.
BD: Were you radio or television, or both?
Lunde: I was in on the beginning of the television,
but primarily radio.
BD: How long were you a Quiz Kid?
Lunde: I was first on in 1944, when I was eight.
When you hit your sixteenth birthday, you were too old. However,
I didn’t make it that far because the show went off the air when I was
about fifteen and a half. I did survive till then. Primarily,
they thought I was the music expert and the sports expert.
BD: Was this local or national?
Lunde: It was national, on NBC for the most
part. Before that, it was the Blue Network, which was a predecessor
of ABC, but for the most part I was on NBC.
BD: Every week for half an hour, or an hour?
Lunde: Half hour.
BD: For thirty-nine weeks a year?
BD: [Surprised] Really??? So you
couldn’t go out of town?
Lunde: I wasn’t on every week. It was
a competitive thing on radio. There would be five kids every week,
and the three who scored the highest, as far as answering questions,
would come back the next week to be joined by two others. If you
had done well, and stayed on the show for three or four weeks, and then
went off, you could count on being called back quite soon. Sometimes
it was two weeks later, and sometimes it was two or three months.
Basically, I was a sort of a regular.
BD: Would they give you plenty of advanced notice,
or would they call you and say that you’re on later that day?
Lunde: They’d announce at the end of the show
who the new kids the following week would be. So, if I listened
to a show that I was not on, and they gave my name, then, of course,
I would be on. I wasn’t Lawson on the program. I was Lonny Lunde.
As a pianist, I’m Lon Lunde, and as a composer, I’m Lawson Lunde.
As it happens, Lunde with the E is not too common a name. But, if
you can you believe it, another composer named Lunde has surfaced who writes
saxophone music. [This was Ivar Lunde]
BD: You were a Quiz Kid in High School. Then
did you go directly to a conservatory of music?
Lunde: When I was in grammar school through
high school, I was studying piano and composition at the Chicago Musical
College. Then I went to Northwestern, and was at their music school
for one year, but only one year. After that, I switched into a
psychology degree, psychology being much more important for a solo pianist
than a music degree. [Both laugh]
BD: Actually, it probably stood you in good
stead with the cocktail crowd. [Both laugh] Could you write
a book about the psychology of the cocktail crowd?
Lunde: No, I’d be afraid of getting sued.
BD: Then why did you get out of music?
Lunde: I’m not sure... The faculty at
the time was a big disappointment to me. However, as soon as I got
out, they had a wholesale house cleaning in the school of music, and some
of what I considered deadwood was replaced by some very good people. A
couple of years later, I thought a great deal more of the school of music
than I had when I’d been a student in it.
BD: By why psychology? Why not business
Lunde: I don’t know. It wasn’t a conscious
switch to psychology. It was the conscious switch to liberal arts.
I got a major in psychology, but that wasn’t clear until near the end of
my third year. It could have been any one of several things. First
of all, I had no idea that I’d be going into music. I was planning
to go to law school, and I did go to law school for one year. There’s
a feeling which I had, and which many other people also felt
— fraternity brothers of mine
— that when you’re in a school like music, or engineering,
or speech, as your college days go on, you get the growing feeling that
you’re not being educated. You start to envy these people who are
talking so fluently about political science, and economics, and history,
and the social sciences, and you think you’re missing out. In business
school, people fell down more than any others. They were being trained
to do something, and they felt that an education was right at their fingertips,
but it was passing them by. I felt that at music school. I was
enjoying my liberal arts electives more than learning from some professor
what sonata form was... as if I needed to know. [Both laugh]
BD: If you’re going to compose, you should know
what a sonata is, shouldn’t you?
Lunde: Oh, sure, but I don’t think you have
to wait to go to college to learn about form in music.
BD: What advice do you have for someone who
wants to go to college for music? Stay away from it?
Lunde: Oh, no! I don’t think so.
Choose a school carefully. That’s about it. I’m so removed
from the college scene at this point that I don’t have any specific advice.
I get the impression that musical education being offered nowadays is much
more comprehensive that it was in my day, and there are many more avenues
you can follow.
BD: What advice do you have for someone who
just wants to be a composer?
Lunde: [Thinks a moment] Go and follow it.
Compose several things in different styles and different forms. At a certain
point, take a look at them and see what you have. Evaluate what
you do best, and then show the works to others to see what they think you
do the best. That would primarily be my advice.
BD: Do you have you any advice for someone who wants
to be a concert pianist?
Lunde: [Thinks again] My first advice
is stay away from the competitions. There are other avenues to being
a concert pianist, and that is the roughest of all. It is so rough,
that I’m surprised anybody goes in for the idea of trying to becoming a
concert pianist via winning competitions. Obviously, it happens.
Some of the most renowned pianists did enter the concert scene that way,
but there are other avenues that would be much better... Commission an excellent
composer to write a piano concerto for you. A fine piano concerto by
a fine composer will get played, and if you have the rights to the performance,
you will be the pianist. And if you’re good, that will be your entry
to the concert scene.
BD: What if somebody wants to be a cocktail
Lunde: Get a lot of experience with bands.
Those who have had band experience do a lot better than those who haven’t.
They just play better. They know more music. and they’re less set
in their ways. The more different kinds of bands you can play with
greatly enhances your ability to be a one-man show.
BD: Do you have any advice for audiences of
Lunde: Enjoy! Don’t concentrate on the listening
so hard that it becomes drudgery, but give everything a good chance.
That’s about all. If a concert is such that most of the audiences
is there to hear the musician(s) rather than the music, I hope that those
people would reconsider. To my way of thinking, the music is always
more important than the performance. I’d much rather hear a worthwhile
piece of music I’ve never heard before — even
if it’s not played especially well — than
a not-very-good piece played brilliantly.
BD: There must be some pieces that you want to come
back to often.
Lunde: Oh, sure. As far a new music is
concerned, I can certainly name you some composers I invariably seem to
very much enjoy, and get the feeling that I want to hear as much of their
output as possible, and rehear the works I do know. Among them are
George Rochberg, Robert Ward, and Norman Dello Joio.
Those would be ones that definitely stand out for me. Then there’s
a very wide spectrum of composers that the jury is still out as far as
I’m concerned, but have written things that have really registered with
me. Then there are a few — fortunately,
not too many — that whoever their music
is for, I don’t think it’s for me. Although even there, let me hear
just one work of theirs that really registers, and I will go scurrying
back to some of their things that I’ve dismissed in the past.
BD: The one piece would give you the key to
Lunde: I’d want to see if it did. I can’t
give you a specific instance of when that’s happened, although it strikes
me that somewhere along the line it has.
BD: You say you’re not really convinced where
music is going?
Lunde: I don’t think anyone is. I certainly
think minimalism will be a thing of the past in twenty years. In
its own way, it’s like the top forty charts of today. There is a
sort of primitivism, that it’s telling the audience, “Look
how dumb you are.” That’s my opinion, of
course. Some people take minimalism really seriously, and certainly
it’s possible to write good music in that form. But it’s a whole
lot easier to write bad music, and I can’t see it being any lasting value.
On the other hand, I think that twelve-tone music has pretty well turned
belly-up, even though it lasted for many decades. I know one professor
who told his composition students they could only get an A if they wrote
BD: That sounds like a straightjacket.
Lunde: It is kind of staggering, actually.
As a good example, Rochberg’s Concord Quartets would be awarded a
grade of B. This is not to say that there might not be room for another
twelve-tone masterpiece here and there. But still, it’s pretty well
proven that ultimately, one work is too much like another, and there’s
only room for so many. Its value is not primarily to entertain,
but to be theoretical and doctrinaire. When I listen to Schoenberg,
for example — which isn’t often
— it’s usually Pierrot Lunaire. I happen
to like it very much, but somehow I never find myself wanting to hear
Erwartung, or Ode to Napoleon, or any of his other atonal vocal
music. As far as I’m concerned, for my enjoyment, Schoenberg’s vocal
music begins and ends with Pierrot Lunaire. This is what the
history of twelve-tone music has turned out to be. It’s easy for an
opera lover to find room for Wozzeck and Lulu, but the other
atonal operas that have been written through the years, and they’re not going
to get listened to, even by twelve-tone music enthusiasts.
BD: Do you expect your music to last?
Lunde: [Sighs] It’s hard to tell.
If it does, I would think it would be through writing in areas where
the instrumentalists need music, which has been the case with the saxophone.
Even today, there’s a lot more saxophone music being written than twenty
or thirty years ago. Still, it’s not an area that has been loaded
with good things to play, when you compare it to the choice a violinist,
or a pianist has. I like to write music that I feel there’s a need
for. If I should hit another flurry of composition, it might very well
be for instruments that I think are under-represented.
BD: Such as the double bass?
Lunde: Yes! That’s would certainly be
one of them. Also, the viola is underrepresented, actually.
Seemingly there’s been a flurry of trombone music lately. I notice
that Zwilich’s Trombone
Concerto is going to be played by the Chicago Symphony. Seemingly,
in the last few months I’ve turned up a good deal of fine trombone music
that I didn’t know existed.
BD: The Orchestra of Illinois played the Erb Concerto.
Lunde: Yes, and your station played a work by Gunnar
de Frumerie (1908-1987). I think it’s an absolute masterpiece.
He would be an example of a composer that was unknown to me, but I’m now
familiar with four of his pieces. I give two of them top rating.
It’s a crime that audiences in this country don’t get a shot at hearing
this kind of music. As far as I’m concerned, audiences would probably
love that trombone work of Frumerie. [The Cello Concerto
(1984) has an interesting history. It was adapted from his Second Cello
Sonata. He then adapted it into a Trombone Concerto, and
was his last completed work. It was specifically written for the
Swedish trombone virtuoso Christian Lindberg.]
BD: One last question. Is composing fun?
Lunde: I think so. It’s work and fun.
It’s rewarding. I don’t know if I’d say the same thing if I was
writing film music, and was under a severe deadline to write a certain
bit of music that’s exactly forty-seven and half seconds. I have a
feeling that I wouldn’t think it’s fun at all under those circumstances.
But in a way it’s quite relaxing.
BD: That is the first time I’ve ever heard it
described as relaxing.
Lunde: It is, in a strange sort of way.
But, as I said, it would be predicated on the idea that you’re not under
BD: You can really call your own shots for the most
Lunde: Yes. On occasion, I have gotten
started late in the evening on a choral thing, and it made the writing
is so enjoyable that I have it virtually finished before the night is over
and the sun rises. At least I have it finished except for some minor
BD: I’m glad we finally got together.
Lunde: I am, too.
---- ---- ----
© 1987 Bruce Duffie
This conversation was recorded in Chicago on February 3, 1987.
Portions were broadcast on WNIB in 1990. This transcription was
made in 2020, and posted on this website at that
time. My thanks to British soprano
Una Barry for
her help in preparing this website presentation.
To see a full list (with links) of interviews which have been transcribed
and posted on this website, click here.
winning broadcaster Bruce Duffie was
Classical 97 in Chicago from 1975 until
its final moment as a classical station in February
of 2001. His interviews have also appeared in various
magazines and journals since 1980, and he now continues
his broadcast series on WNUR-FM.
You are invited to visit his website for more information
about his work, including selected transcripts
of other interviews, plus a full list of his
guests. He would also like to call your attention
to the photos and information about his grandfather,
who was a pioneer in the automotive field more than a century ago.
You may also send him E-Mail
with comments, questions and suggestions.