(born Romeo Maximilian Eugene Ludwig Gutschë)
(July 3, 1907, Berlin – November 15, 2000, White Bear Lake, Minnesota).
Composer. While much of his work is neo-Romantic, he also experimented
with polytonality, serialism, and microtones.
His interest in piano attracted Ferruccio Busoni, who became his teacher despite his parents’ objection to his musical interest. He also took linguistics, philosophy and business at the Universities of Lausanne, Heidelberg and Padua. At age eighteen (1925), he left Germany for the U.S.A., and finally settled in Minnesota. At the University of Minnesota, he studied music with Donald Ferguson, earning a masters in music in 1950, continuing at the University of Iowa, where he received his doctorate in composition in 1953.
Gutchë received various awards for his compositions. In 1958, he received the Minnesota State Centennial Prize for his Third String Quartet, followed by the Luria Award for Holofernes Overture in 1959. In 1961, he was awarded the Albuquerque National Composition Prize for his Fourth Symphony and the Louis Moreau Gottschalk Gold Medal for Piano Concerto Op. 24. His Fifth Symphony received the 1962 Oscar Esplá prize.
His work was commissioned by the Cincinnati Symphony, the Fargo-Moorhead Symphony, the National Symphony, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, the University of Minnesota and several others. His magnus opus, Akhenaten, was premiered by Leonard Slatkin and the St. Louis Symphony in 1983. Icarus Opus 48 , (a four-movement suite ), The Sea, Insurrection, Isthmus, Genghis Khan, and Bongo Divertimento are just some of his many compositions. Gutchë’s symphonies, piano sonatas, concerti, and string quartets were recognized nationally and internationally.
== Links in this box and below refer to my interviews elsewhere on my website. BD
Dr. Frederic Eugene Basil Foley,
MD (April 5, 1891 – March 24, 1966) was an American urologist
who is remembered for designing the Foley catheter.
He studied languages at Yale University, receiving a bachelor's degree in 1914, and then trained in medicine at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine until his graduation in 1918. He subsequently worked with William Halsted and Harvey Cushing, and worked at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston on the junior surgical staff. Although there is no record of his training in urology, he was certified by the American Board of Urology in 1937. Foley worked as a urologist in Boston, Massachusetts and later became chief of urology at Ancker Hospital, St. Paul, Minnesota. (Ancker hospital was renamed St. Paul Ramsey Medical Center and is now known as Regions Hospital.)
Foley first described the use of a self-retaining balloon catheter in 1929, to be used to achieve haemostasis after cystoscopic prostatectomy. He worked on development of this design for use as an indwelling urinary catheter, to provide continuous drainage of the bladder, in the 1930s. His design incorporated an inflatable balloon towards the tip of the tube which could be inflated inside the bladder to retain the catheter without external taping or strapping. He demonstrated this to the American Urologists Society in 1935, and published a paper describing it in 1937. While he was still developing his catheter, a patent was issued to Paul Raiche of the Davol Rubber Company of Providence, Rhode Island in 1936. Four months later, in October 1936, Foley applied for the patent, and was awarded this after appearing before the patent office Board of Appeals. Raiche appealed this decision in court, and it was overturned, returning the patent to Raiche. A further request for a hearing made by Foley was refused, and so the patent stayed with Raiche.
The C. R. Bard Company of New Jersey started distributing the catheters, under the name of Foley catheters, from 1935; consequently, the name has remained with Foley despite the patent having remained with the Davol Company. Although the materials used to make catheters have changed, the basic design of the 1930s has not.
In addition to his work on urinary catheters, Foley also described a novel technique for treating strictures of the pelvi-ureteric junction which is known as the Foley Operation or the Foley Y-plasty pyeloplasty. He also invented a hydraulic operating table and a rotatable resectoscope, and described the first artificial urethral sphincter.
Philip Greeley Clapp (August 4, 1888 – April 9, 1954) was an American educator, conductor, pianist, and composer of classical music.
He served as Director of the School of Music at the University of Iowa for more than three decades (1919–53), helping to establish that school’s strong reputation in music and in the arts overall.
He worked especially hard in advocating that music and the other arts should be an integral part of a liberal arts education, and succeeded in creating strong graduate programs that awarded degrees not just in scholarship and research but also in performance and creation.
|The Violin Concerto by Sessions
(1896-1985) was begun, at the suggestion of Serge Koussevitzky,
in the summer of 1927—although the composer later postdated the beginning
of this work to his years at the American Academy in Rome in 1928
and 1929—and was completed in 1935. It is scored for violin and orchestra
Sessions regarded his concerto as a pronounced move away from his previous neoclassical style. According to Elliott Carter in The Musical Quarterly, it marks the beginning of his characteristic, unique style featuring extended, continuously flowing sections in which ideas surface, gain clarity and definition, and then recede again into the general flow.
It was originally meant to have been premiered by the Boston Symphony Orchestra during their 1932–33 season, with Richard Burgin as soloist, but Sessions did not finish the finale—originally to have been the third movement—in time. Ultimately deciding on a four-movement form, Sessions delivered the violin part to Burgin in the fall of 1934, while still orchestrating the last movement, and Koussevitzky agreed to program the Concerto during the first half of the 1935–36 season. When Sessions expressed a preference for a better-known violinist, Burgin graciously stepped aside and Joseph Szigeti was named as the probable soloist. The Concerto was finally completed in San Francisco in August 1935. The premiere was scheduled to take place in November 1936, but the now-intended soloist, Albert Spalding, asked for a postponement and requested that Sessions compose a new finale. Sessions declined and released the violinist of his obligation to perform. Spalding could not master the violin part, especially the "punishingly fast" tarantella finale, and the performance was canceled at the last minute.
The work was finally given its first performance with a professional orchestra by Louis Krasner [shown in photo at left] and the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Dimitri Mitropoulos, on November 14, 1947, though an earlier performance had been given in Chicago on January 8, 1940, by Robert Arthur Gross, the WPA Illinois Symphony Orchestra, and Izler Solomon, and Gross also performed the first two movements in 1941 with the National Youth Orchestra under Leopold Stokowski.
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Louis Krasner (June 21, [O.S. June 8] 1903 - May 4, 1995) was born in Cherkasy, in present-day Ukraine. He arrived in the United States at the age of five, and graduated from the New England Conservatory of Music in 1922. He continued his studies with Lucien Capet in Paris, Otakar Ševčík in Písek, Czechoslovakia, and Carl Flesch in Berlin. His concert career began in Europe, where he championed the concertos of Joseph Achron and Alfredo Casella.
In 1935 he commissioned Alban Berg's Violin Concerto, which he premiered on April 19, 1936 in Barcelona, with Hermann Scherchen conducting the Pablo Casals Orchestra. He also premiered Arnold Schoenberg's Violin Concerto in December 1940, with Leopold Stokowski leading the Philadelphia Orchestra. Among the American composers whose works he premiered were Roger Sessions, Henry Cowell and Roy Harris.Krasner retired from solo performing to become concertmaster of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra 1944-1949. From 1949 to 1972 he was professor of music at Syracuse University. In 1976 he joined the faculties of the New England Conservatory of Music and the Berkshire Music Center. He won the 1983 Sanford Medal from Yale University and the 1995 Commonwealth Award.
Julián Carrillo Trujillo (January 28, 1875 – September 9, 1965) was a Mexican composer, conductor, violinist and music theorist, famous for developing a theory of microtonal music which he dubbed "The Thirteenth Sound" (Sonido 13).
He was the last of 19 children.
In 1951, in Pittsburgh, Leopold Stokowski performed for the first time Horizontes: Poema sinfónico (Horizons: Symphonic Poem for violin, cello and harp in quarter- eighth- and sixteenth-tones). The concert was so successful that Stokowski had to repeat the complete work. The next year, Stokowski performed Horizontes in Washington, Baltimore and Minneapolis.
Howard Shanet (November 9, 1918 – June 19, 2006) was a conductor and composer. He started his musical career as a cellist, earning a Bachelor's degree from Columbia in 1939 and a Master's in Musicology in 1941. After military service in World War II, he studied musical composition with Bohuslav Martinů and Aaron Copland, and conducting with Serge Koussevitzky and Fritz Stiedry. During the early 1950s, he was conducting assistant to Leonard Bernstein at the New York Philharmonic. In 1953, he joined Columbia's faculty as Professor of Music, later becoming chairman of its music department from 1972–1978.
Maestro Russell Theodore Stanger
Norfolk - Maestro Russell Theodore Stanger, founding conductor of the Virginia Symphony Orchestra and internationally noted composer and conductor, passed away peacefully on January 7, 2015, in Norfolk. He was born May 8, 1924, in Arlington, MA, to Herbert Theophilus Stanger and Millicent Caroline Stemler Stanger. He acquired an early interest in music and was playing the piano with his twin brother, Herbert, at the age of six and studying violin at eight. He organized his first orchestra of neighborhood children in Newton, MA, at twelve and was regularly conducting music at fifteen. Upon graduating from high school, he received a scholarship to study violin at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston.
His education was interrupted by the entry of the United States in World War II. He and his brother Herb enlisted in the Navy and served as aviation radiomen on naval aircraft in the Pacific, where they spent time on the Solomon Islands and participated in the liberation of the Philippines. At the end of the war, Maestro Stanger returned to the New England Conservatory to complete his undergraduate degree in music. He spent three summers at Tanglewood, the summer venue of the Boston Symphony, in Lenox, MA. There he sharpened his skills under the tutelage of many well-known conductors, including Leonard Bernstein, who ultimately became a mentor and close friend.
He earned a master's degree from the New England Conservatory in 1952 and began his professional career as director of the Harvard-Radcliffe Orchestra, followed by three years at the Boston University Symphony Orchestra. During that time, he conducted the Boston Pops as a fill-in for Arthur Fiedler. In 1956, he was selected from 120 contestants as the winner of the Eugene Ormandy National Conductors Competition in Philadelphia. He organized the Boston Little Orchestra in 1958 and served as Associate Conductor of the New York Philharmonic from 1960 to 1962 under Leonard Bernstein. From 1964 to 1966 he was Associate Conductor of the Minneapolis Symphony (now the Minnesota Orchestra).
In 1966, he came to Virginia as the music director and conductor of the Norfolk Symphony (now the Virginia Symphony), and upon his retirement in 1980 was named conductor laureate. Under his leadership the Symphony held its first open auditions and hired its first African-American musicians. He nurtured and inspired the Virginia Symphony to a new level of excellence. His extraordinary talent and warm character strengthened the orchestra and won the support of the entire region. Maestro Stanger conducted the orchestra at the 1972 opening of Chrysler Hall and at the first Harborfest outdoor celebration on the Norfolk waterfront in 1979 with "Boom Boom" Zambelli's fireworks in the background. He was an incomparable orchestra builder and a deeply beloved maestro.
Not one to rest on laurels, Russell traveled to Saratoga Springs, NY, in 1982 as guest conductor of the New York State Summer School of the Arts (NYSSSA) School of Orchestral Studies (SOS) full and string orchestras. NYSSSA SOS is a program for gifted and talented high school musicians whom Russell brought to high levels of achievement during the many years of his tutelage. From 1983 until 2007 Russell was the Artistic Director and Principal Conductor of the program. He led over 50 outstanding concerts, inspired over 2,500 young musicians and successfully collaborated with many of the Philadelphia Orchestra's members to provide excellent music experiences for performers and audiences alike. Upon his retirement in 2008 he was named Artistic Director Emeritus for the School of Orchestral Studies.
[Image at left is from a commercial site, thus their watermark]
Maestro Stanger served as guest conductor with some of the leading orchestras in North American and Europe, including the Philadelphia Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Canadian Broadcasting Company Symphony, National Broadcasting Corporation Orchestra, Bilbao (Spain) Symphony, Jalapa (Mexico) Symphony Orchestra, Buffalo Philharmonic, Oslo Philharmonic, Bergen (Norway) Philharmonic, Royal Philharmonic, London Philharmonic, Orchestre Symphonique de Reims, and Societe des Concerts du Conservatoire, Paris. He also conducted for Benny Goodman, Isaac Stern, Newport News native Ella Fitzgerald and famed cellist Yo-Yo Ma. During his time in Minneapolis he met and collaborated with the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.
As president of the Norfolk Sister Cities Association in the mid-1980s, Maestro Stanger developed a long friendship with the musical community of Norfolk's sister city Kitakyushu, Japan. He made a number of trips to Japan, and in 1989 he was commissioned to compose a piece for the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of Mukogawa Gauquin, the largest women's university in Japan. He was artistic advisor of the Miyazaki Symphony Orchestra and conducted the Kyushu (Japan) Orchestra in the performance of two of his own works.
In addition to conducting, Stanger composed several works, including Buffoons; A Merry Overture ; Childhood Images ; Rock Opus (for symphony orchestra and optional rock group) ; Episodes '76 ; Symphony No.1, Op.10 ("Kitakyushu") ; Commemorative Celebration; and Miyazaki, Op.12 .
Maestro Stanger was a long-time friend of F. Ludwig Diehn and a promoter of Diehn's music. Upon Diehn's death and generous bequest to Old Dominion University, Stanger was named an advisor to the F. Ludwig Diehn Fund under the purview of the Hampton Roads Community Foundation. Stanger donated his own collection of photographs, recordings, music notations, original scores and other memorabilia, including letters from Leonard Bernstein, to the F. Ludwig Diehn Composers Room at ODU. In May of 2009, the university awarded Maestro Stanger an honorary doctorate and named the Russell Stanger String Quartet in his honor.
Russell met his wife, Mildred ("Millie") Lanier Sheffield Stanger, a Norfolk native and accomplished interior designer, soon after arriving in Norfolk. They enjoyed travel, entertaining, mentoring, and encouraging each other in their respective professions during their marriage of thirty-two years. He dearly loved and cherished Millie and cared for her compassionately until her death in 2003. In addition to Millie, Maestro Stanger was preceded in death by his brother William Nathaniel Stanger and his nephew, Scott Stanger, both of Spokane, WA. He is survived by his twin brother, Herbert C. Stanger, and wife, Donna, of San Mateo, CA, and two nieces, Dawn Graves of Belmont, CA, and Sheri Hockaday of Redwood City, CA.
Russell Stanger is fondly remembered by his friends around the world as a kind, nurturing individual with exceptional manners and an uplifting spirit. He is remembered by former students and musicians as an energetic director who inspired them to rise to their best. He was cared for and respected as "Maestro" at the Ballentine Home, where he had resided since 2009. His family extends their appreciation for the love shown by his personal caregivers Virginia, Gloria, Shakeena, and Brian, and close friends who visited him often at the Ballentine.
A celebration of life service will be held on Saturday, January 31, 2015, at 11:00 a.m. at Chandler Recital Hall in the Diehn Center for the Performing Arts, 49th Street and Elkhorn Ave., Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. For details, contact H.D. Oliver Funeral Apartments in Norfolk at 622-7353 or HDOliver.com.
Memorial donations may be made to Old Dominion University earmarked for the Russell Stanger String Quartet, addressed to the Department of Music, Room 2123 Diehn Center for the Performing Arts, 4810 Elkhorn Ave., Norfolk, VA, 23529.
Published in The Virginian-Pilot on Jan. 25, 2015 (text only - photos from other sources)
Besides what is shown above, a recording he made with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (London), and pianist, Earl Wild, was given the "Critic's Choice Award."
© 1986 Bruce Duffie
This conversation was recorded in Chicago on June 11, 1986. Portions were broadcast on WNIB five months later, and again the following year, and in 1992 and 1997; on WNUR in 2007, 2013, and 2019; and on Contemporary Classical Internet Radio in 2008. A brief portion was used (along with music) aboard United Airlines in January and February of 1989. That package was also used aboard Air Force One, the Presidential Jetliner. This transcription was made in 2020, and posted on this website at that time. My thanks to British soprano Una Barry for her help in preparing this website presentation.
To see a full list (with links) of interviews which have been transcribed and posted on this website, click here. To read my thoughts on editing these interviews for print, as well as a few other interesting observations, click here.
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Award - winning broadcaster Bruce Duffie was with WNIB, Classical 97 in Chicago from 1975 until its final moment as a classical station in February of 2001. His interviews have also appeared in various magazines and journals since 1980, and he now continues his broadcast series on WNUR-FM, as well as on Contemporary Classical Internet Radio.You are invited to visit his website for more information about his work, including selected transcripts of other interviews, plus a full list of his guests. He would also like to call your attention to the photos and information about his grandfather, who was a pioneer in the automotive field more than a century ago. You may also send him E-Mail with comments, questions and suggestions.